Prefix “ど”

Prefix? ど can emphasize the meaning of the word, and it is more common in Kansai.
One should be warned that this prefix has a certain rude/older man feel to it and should only be used if one knows what they're doing.

Common uses: 

Grammar elements: 


Standard Kansai-ben English
頭(あたま) たま head
あほ あほ idiot
えらい(すごく) えらい very
きたない ぎたない dirty
根性(こんじょう) 根性(こんじょう) moxie/guts
すけべ すけべ dirty/creepy
迫力(はくりょく) 迫力(はくりょく) power; oomph
ぶす ぶす ugly
真ん中(まんなか) 真ん中(まんなか) center; bull's eye
Example with どえらい
Standard 今日はものすごい雨だなあ。仕事行くのいやだなあ。
Kansai-ben 今日はどえらい雨やなあ。仕事行くんいややなあ。
English Geez, it's raining so much today. I don't wanna go to work.


The characteristics of ど I

In general, ど is used with negative words, not positive words (such as きれい).
However, there are some exceptions. For example, えらい (in the sense of "very") can take ど.

Standard あの子ものすごくかわいいなあ。
Kansai-ben あの子どえらいかえらしなあ。
English That girl is really cute.

The characteristics of ど II

ど is often used in abusive language.

Standard こら、このスケベ野郎!何オレの女をジロジロ見てんだよ!
Kansai-ben ワレ、このどスケベが。何ワシの女ジロジロ見とんねん!
English Hey, you perv! Quit staring at my girl. I'm gunna hafta smack you upside the head.

The characteristics of ど III

The ど-prefixed words which have a neutral meaning, such as ど根性, ど真ん中, and ど迫力, are commonly used even outside of Kansai.